Chengdu introduces smart parking standard system
3月29日讯】3月28日，记者从成都市交通运输局获悉，《成都市智慧停车标准体系》的编制工作已全面完成，并于 3月26日经成都市市场监督管理局，以地方标准形式正式对外公开发布实施。 [Sichuan Online March 29] On March 28, the reporter learned from the Chengdu Municipal Transportation Bureau that the compilation of the "Chengdu Smart Parking Standard System" has been fully completed and passed the Chengdu market supervision and management on March 26. Bureau, officially released to the public in the form of local standards for implementation.
The "Chengdu Smart Parking Standard System" includes "Chengdu Smart Parking Information System Construction Specification", "Chengdu Parking Lot (Warehouse) Operation Management Service Specification" and "Chengdu Shared Parking Service Specification". “互联网＋停车” ，实现停车信息互联互通，确保停车资源的高效利用和精细化管理，提升停车行业整体服务水平。 Its establishment aims to further promote "Internet + parking" , realize parking information interconnection, ensure efficient use of parking resources and refined management, and improve the overall service level of the parking industry. 2018年启动。 The preparation work started in 2018.
Opening information islands to realize interactive sharing of parking data
The smart parking system is an information system that uses the Internet of Things, cloud computing, big data and other technologies to analyze, process and apply the collected parking information to provide intelligent parking services for users and public users. “ 各自为政 ” 和 “ 信息孤岛 ” ，信息传输不能互联互通；三是部分停车场（库）权属单位或经营者改造智慧停车信息系统的意识不强，上传数据动力不足。 According to the relevant person in charge of the Chengdu Municipal Transportation and Transportation Bureau, at present, in the construction of smart parking information systems in Chengdu, one is that some parking facilities and equipment are obsolete and aging, the intelligent information is not popular, and the parking experience is poor; the second is that the data interface is not unified There are “ separate politics ” and “ information islands ” , and information transmission cannot be interconnected. Third, some parking lot (reservoir) ownership units or operators have a poor awareness of transforming the smart parking information system, and insufficient motivation to upload data. As a result, lack of support for parking lot services, inadequate management methods, and insufficient motivation for industry development are not conducive to smart parking and smart city construction. In this regard, the "Chengdu Intelligent Parking Information System Construction Specification" at the general level clarifies the definition of terminology, construction principles, basic framework and general requirements for intelligent parking information system construction. At the same time, at the level of city-level platform construction, it stipulates the networking specifications of parking data, including clearly requiring that all parking lots (garages) and parking spaces must have information collection functions, specifying data transmission content, coding standards, data formats, and requiring parking lots ( Library) operators upload information data to city-level public parking information platforms in a timely manner, providing a data foundation for co-construction and sharing and integration of parking resources.
“场库级”系统建设层面，分别对路外和路内停车场的智慧化功能进行了细化明确，要求路外停车场应完善出入口管理、车位弓｝导、反向寻车、充电桩管理等子系统功能；要求路内停车场应通过地磁、视频、电子标签等物联网技术实现停车信息采集、实时传输、自动计费、欠费追缴等功能。 In addition, at the level of the "yard-level" system construction, the smart functions of off-street and on-street parking lots have been detailed. It is required that off-street parking lots should have perfect entrance and exit management, parking guidance, and reverse car search. , Charging pile management and other subsystem functions; require on-street parking lots to realize parking information collection, real-time transmission, automatic billing, and collection of arrears through Internet of Things technologies such as geomagnetism, video, and electronic tags. The person in charge said that the formulation and implementation of the specification provided a reference for opening parking information islands, constructing an "urban-level" static traffic information collection and release system, realizing interactive sharing of parking information, and better providing information services to citizens.
Clearly require parking lots to have intelligent facilities such as charging piles
“科学化、人性化、专业化、智能化'的现代停车服务管理理念，为业主与车主提供热清周到、科学安全的停车服务是停车场（库）运营管理的根本所在。据悉，目前，成都市在停车场（库）运营管理上标准不一、出入不畅、服务欠佳，个别停车场存在不按规定收取停车费用、不经备案法外经营、停车标志标识不明显、相关制度落实不到位等问题，市民反应强烈，对高标准停车服务的需要愈加迫切。 Establishing a "scientific, humane, professional, and intelligent" modern parking service management concept, and providing the owners and car owners with a thorough and thoughtful, scientific and safe parking service are the fundamentals of parking lot (garage) operation management. It is reported that at present In Chengdu, there are different standards in parking lot (warehouse) operation and management, poor access, and poor service. Some parking lots do not charge parking fees in accordance with regulations, do not operate outside the record, the parking signs are not obvious, and related systems. Issues such as inadequate implementation, the public reacted strongly, and the need for high-standard parking services became more urgent.
In order to further clarify the operating service standards and improve the level of parking lot management services, the "Chengdu Parking (Warehouse) Operation Management Service Specification" requires management to establish personnel, finance, inspection, and other systems, and requires management personnel to conduct Training, purchase of liability insurance, implementation of record-keeping operations, etc. In terms of the basic functions that a parking lot should have, it clearly requires intelligent facilities such as electronic toll collection, parking induction, charging piles, and security monitoring, and encourages and advocates the development of the parking lot business. Construction of smart parking lot; in terms of service content, it focuses on regulating the contents and requirements of parking services such as information disclosure, parking guidance, charging, inspection, and security; in terms of parking safety, from the entrance and exit settings, fire prevention and flood prevention, equipment maintenance, emergency Incident handling and other aspects were clarified; in terms of service quality assessment, a service quality assessment system for enterprise self-assessment, association assessment, and supervision and guidance by industry authorities was explored and established. The person in charge said that after the implementation of the specification, it will play an active role in regulating the order of parking lot (warehouse) operations, improving parking operation efficiency and service efficiency, and promoting the development of the Chengdu parking industry specification.
Clarifying the sharing of parking operating conditions, service standards, and complaint monitoring mechanisms. Shared parking is an effective way to revitalize existing parking resources, alleviate parking difficulties, and build a shared social governance pattern.
In order to revitalize existing parking resources and regulate shared parking services, the “Chengdu Shared Parking Service Specification” specifies the operating conditions, requiring platform service companies to have basic operating conditions such as independent legal person qualifications, fixed locations and management personnel, and online and offline service capabilities. . At the same time, the service standards and service boundaries of all parties were clarified, requiring platform service companies to establish operational service platforms and develop mobile access terminals to provide users with information registration, parking reservations, overtime reminders, billing standards, electronic invoices, parking insurance and other sharing. Service functions; require the operator of the parking lot (storage) to assist the ownership unit of the parking lot (storage) to perform intelligent transformation, and connect the shared parking information to the public parking information platform; etc .; require the parking space provider to provide true and valid registration information; The user of the parking space should stop at the reserved time and pay the fee on time. In addition, it also clarified the service complaint, supervision and assessment mechanism, required platform service companies to establish a complaint acceptance mechanism, set up a service hotline and deal with various complaints and disputes in a timely manner, and required platform service companies to actively accept the service evaluation and industry leaders of third-party assessment agencies. Department supervision and management.
Talking about the Japanese Garage Law
Highlights of this article:
Passing the law requires that when buying a car, you must ensure that you have a parking space, which lays a good foundation for solving the problem of difficult parking in the city. As a result, Japanese parking has been occupied by the rapid economic development in the future and the rapid popularization of cars under the protection of the garage and parking laws Initiative. Japan's parking supply and demand has basically reached a balance.
1957年出台了《停车场法》，通过在城市规划中指定停车场整备地区、规定建筑物的机动车停车位配建指标、地方政府主导的公共停车场建设以及委托仕会力量采用特许经营方式进行停车场建设等手段，为解决停车问题特别是出行停车需求提供了保瞳。 Against the background of economic growth and the development of the automobile industry, Japan introduced the "Parking Lot Law" in 1957. By designating parking lot preparation areas in urban planning, specifying the allocation of motor vehicle parking spaces for buildings, and local government leadership The construction of public parking lots and the commissioning of commissions to adopt franchising methods to construct parking lots have provided pupil protection for solving parking problems, especially for parking needs. Five years after the enforcement of the parking lot law, the Japanese government introduced the Garage Law to address basic parking needs.
1962年施行。 Japan's Garage Law is short for the "Secure Car Storage Places Law", which came into effect in 1962. The Japanese garage law was introduced two years before the 1964 Tokyo Olympics. That period was a period of rapid economic development in Japan. The number of cars continued to increase, infrastructure such as the Capital Expressway and the Shinkansen were successively built, and parking problems became more serious. In particular, the problem of random parking on occupied roads is very prominent, causing traffic congestion and increasing the hidden danger of accidents. Against this background, the garage law came into being. The purpose of enacting this law is to make it the responsibility of motor vehicle owners to ensure the storage place of the vehicle (garage), avoid using the road as the storage place of the vehicle, strengthen the parking management of motor vehicles, promote the proper use of roads, and prevent Dangerous and promotes smooth road traffic. Garage Law and Parking Permit The Japanese Garage Law system is formed by the "Ensure Car Storage Places Law", "Enforcement Order of the Car Storage Places Law" and its related relevant regulatory documents, which are hereinafter collectively referred to as the Garage Law. The Garage Law stipulates that motor vehicle owners should ensure that their motor vehicles are kept in places other than roads. In order to prevent car owners from using the road as a garage, the Garage Law prohibits car owners from parking the same vehicle on the road for more than 12 hours in a row, and prohibits the same vehicle on the road at night (from sunset to sunrise). The location is parked continuously for more than 8 hours. This provision also echoes the Japanese Road Traffic Act. The Road Traffic Law stipulates that parking spaces on the side of the road are for temporary parking in principle and cannot be parked for a long time.
The motor vehicle storage place garage law has the following requirements:
1. Motor vehicles shall be stored in places other than roads such as parking lots, garages, and open spaces.
2. The garage should be located within 2km of the owner's residence.
3． The garage should be freely accessible from roads where motor vehicles can pass, and all parking spaces can accommodate vehicles.
4． The garage needs to have access. The right to use the garage can be leased or owned.
In Japan, when a new car is registered, changed, or transferred, it is necessary to provide a garage certificate (that is, a parking permit). The application acceptance authority is the local police station. When applying, you need to submit the car king's residence certificate, the right to use the garage (ownership or leased right), a drawing explaining the location of the parking lot and the layout of the parking space.
After passing the application, the car owner can receive the seal of the storage place (ie the parking permit label), which needs to be posted on the car's glass window.
For illegal parking in violation of the Garage Law, the police may restrict the use of the motor vehicle in accordance with the law. If you violate the relevant provisions of the Garage Law, you will be punished as follows:
We can see that the objects of punishment include both illegal parking by the driver and fraud by the owner of the garage, so that the effective implementation of the parking permit system can be guaranteed. In addition, the implementation of berth permits is also divided into regions. Berths are not allowed in rural areas and some parts of cities with small population densities.
Where do Japanese private cars stop under this strict policy? “一户建”与住宅楼“集合住宅”这两大类型。 In general, the types of housing in Japanese cities include the "one-family building" and the "collective house" of residential buildings. Parking is either in the parking spaces provided by the residence or in a public car park outside. The average number of residential buildings in Japan cannot reach one car per parking space, so public parking lots are required to meet this demand. Because the Japanese government has many encouragement policies for the construction of private parking lots, the community is more enthusiastic about investing, constructing, and operating parking lots. Many idle lands have been used to develop parking lots, as shown in Figure 3. In addition, mechanical parking lots are also very developed, especially the high-rise tower library covers a small area and has a large number of parking lots. This has greatly improved land use efficiency in large cities with tight land and effectively increased the supply of parking spaces.
1957年就实行了《停车场法》，首先推进停车场建设加强供给，特别针对市中心繁华地区的出行停车需求采取措施缓解停车难，并于五年之后的1962年实行了《车库法》，推进有位购车，明确禁止将道路当做车库，并且配套了力度较大的处罚条款，为满足基本停车需求提供了法律保障。 Japan implemented the "Parking Lot Law" as early as 1957. First, it promoted the construction of parking lots and strengthened the supply. In particular, it took measures to ease parking difficulties in response to the demand for travel parking in downtown areas. The Law, which promotes the purchase of a car, explicitly prohibits the use of roads as garages, and is accompanied by stronger penalties, which provide legal protection for basic parking needs. As we all know, Japan is a very developed country in the automotive industry. The 1950s and 1960s were the period when Japanese, Toyota, Nissan, and Honda began to develop. When the "Garage Law" was originally drafted, there was a requirement to purchase a car. At that time, the Japanese automobile industry groups were concerned that this move would affect the development of the Japanese automobile industry. However, after many studies and discussions, the Japanese government decided to buy the Make sure you have a parking space. This lays a good foundation for solving the problem of difficult parking in cities and enables Japanese parking to take the initiative in the rapid development of Japan and the rapid popularization of cars. Under the protection of the Garage Act and the Parking Lot Act, parking supply and demand in Japan have basically reached a balanced state. Japan's population density, especially in large cities, is higher than in China, and per capita car ownership is also higher than in China. Under such unfavorable conditions, Japan has basically solved the parking problem, and its experience is worthy of our reference.